The ‘dual militancy’ of socialist feminists heralded a development of great significance: increasingly, the socialist parties would come to be considered as one of the sites where campaigns devised elsewhere would be conducted. The evolution amount to a major ‘reform’ of the socialist parties, a reform largely engineered from the outside. By the end of the 1960s, the wider socialist movement was - unknowingly - poised on the threshold of the most momentous transformation in its history
It had started out as a machine for the self-emancipation of the working class and the generator of endless campaigns. It was now becoming an instrument which could be used by those who had found elsewhere, in the feminist, pacifist or ecological movements, a political home, The instrument which socialists had forged at the turn of the century for the improvement of the conditions of the working class, the capture of state power, and the eventual transformation of capitalism into a classless society - the political party - had become the battleground of various types of progressive causes seeking to use the party for their own ends.